Environment - Ocean Pollution

“ Water, the essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans. ”.
- Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher.

Consider this

  • Nearly 250 million people live within 50 km of India’s 8,000 km coastline.
  • Eighty-seven cities and towns located in these coastal areas together dump 5.5 billion liters of wastewater into the sea every day.
  • Less than a tenth of this water is treated, making the scale of pollution of our coastal ecosystems daunting.
  • 130 cities and towns form the engine of India’s economy, including Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Goa, Surat, and Thiruvananthapuram (see map). Between 20-60% of the population in these individual settlement zones live in slums, where they pursue their livelihood, and this section is automatically located in areas most vulnerable to natural disasters; areas that are already subject to periodic flooding.
  • The three states of Maharashtra (45%), West Bengal (26%) and Tamil Nadu (9%) account for the bulk of wastewater flushed into our coastal seas, while about 3.22 billion litres/day of wastewater flow into the Arabian Sea and about 2.33 billion litres/day flow into the Bay of Bengal.

All the compliances like ‘setback line’, ‘ecologically sensitive area’, ‘integrated coastal zone management’ mentioned in the Coastal Management Zone notification, 2008, are vague and are open to subjective interpretations.

Hence clarity is required on these aspects.

Our job is to go hand in hand with the regulators and help them to make India Ocean Pollution free by actively involving ourselves against the industries creating it and by giving recommendations to regulator on the compliances.